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25 February 2023

bharat mein rashtrapati ka chunav kis prakar hota hai

The election of the President of India is held inside the Rashtrapati Bhavan. This election is called "Pratibha Matadan". In this election, the members of all the Legislative Assembly of India, the members of Rajya Sabha and the members of Lok Sabha, together with the members of the Legislative Council of all the states of India can also be counted.

In this election, one ballot paper is used for voting, in which case the names of all ballots are written. Under this process, people can donate their money to the nation on their own.

The process of Pratibha Matadan has been given in the context of Article 54 of Bharat. In this election, the election of the Rashtrapati is also done, in which case all the matters are added and this is the election of the Rashtrapati.

Presidential Term
According to the Indian Constitution, the term of the President of India is five years. The term of the President begins from the date he enters upon the office.

The President of India has the right to hold high positions in all areas of the state. They have some important and official functions such as running various residences and setting up an advisory committee to appoint with the prime minister of the state. He also has to attend the meetings of the Parliament and appoint the judges of the Judiciary. They also maintain communication and relations with foreign envoys regarding India.

The term of the President cannot be reelected, but he can be elected more than once. They are duly protected by the Constitution during their tenure before assuming office and after they retire from office.

List of President of India

  1. Dr. Rajendra Prasad (1950-1962)
  2. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan (1962-1967)
  3. Dr. Zakir Hussain (1967-1969)
  4. Varahagiri Venkata Giri (1969-1974)
  5. Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed (1974-1977)
  6. Neelam Sanjiva Reddy (1977-1982)
  7. Giani Zail Singh (1982-1987)
  8. R. Venkataraman (1987-1992)
  9. Dr. Shankar Dayal Sharma (1992-1997)
  10. K. R. Narayanan (1997-2002)
  11. Dr. A. P. J. Abdul Kalam (2002-2007)
  12. Smt. Pratibha Patil (2007-2012)
  13. Shri Pranab Mukherjee (2012-2017)
  14. Shri Ram Nath Kovind (2017-present)
These individuals have served as the President of India since the country's independence in 1947, with Dr. Rajendra Prasad being the first President of India.

how many colours are there in ostwald colour chart

how many colours are there in ostwald colour chart

The Ostwald color chart, also known as the Ostwald color system or Ostwald color solid, is a three-dimensional color space that arranges colors based on their hue, value, and chroma.

It does not have a fixed number of colors, but instead, it represents all possible colors as a continuous gradient within its 3D space. The color space is typically divided into sections, each representing a range of colors with a particular hue, value, and chroma.

In practical terms, the Ostwald color chart is usually represented using a set of color chips or swatches that include a limited number of representative colors, often around 100-150, which are arranged in a specific order to show the relationships between colors within the color space.

Ostwald color coding
The Ostwald color system is a color space that arranges colors based on their hue, value, and chroma. In the Ostwald color system, each color is identified using a three-part code that represents its hue, value, and chroma.

The hue code identifies the dominant wavelength of the color and is typically represented using a letter or a combination of letters. For example, the letter "R" represents red, "Y" represents yellow, "G" represents green, and so on.

The value code represents the lightness or darkness of the color and is typically represented using a number from 0 to 10. The value 0 represents black, while the value 10 represents white.

The chroma code represents the purity or intensity of the color and is typically represented using a number from 0 to 18. The chroma 0 represents a neutral gray, while the chroma 18 represents a highly saturated or pure color.

So, a complete Ostwald color code for a particular color would consist of a letter or combination of letters representing the hue, followed by a number representing the value, and another number representing the chroma. For example, "R 5/10" would represent a red color with a value of 5 and a chroma of 10.

27 January 2015

Cutoff Marks SSC data entry Operator and LDC Higher Secondary level exam 2015 CHSL

Staff selection commission data entry operator and lower division clerk exam is schedule to held on three days. Exam date are for ssc ldc / deo written exam are 19 July 2015, 2 August 2015, 9 August 2015 will upload an answer key / answer sheet of ssc higher secondary level examination 2015 (CHSL 10+2) after completing the examination. Till then your can check your marks here, and compare your marks on the basis of correct question you have attempted in data entry operator exam. provided you previous year cutoff marks for Lower divisional clerk (SSC LDC) and data entry operator (SSC DEO).
Previous year ssc 10+2 level exam was held on 19 July 2015, 2 August 2015, 9 August 2015. And results were out of chsl on  January 2016.
 Total of 1216422 candidates appeared in the higher secondary level examination.
Just share your exam experience and how many questions you have attempted in data entry operator exam. Share some question with answers. It would be helpful to other candidates who are preparing for CHSL exam. Here you can analyze the expected cutoff marks on the basis of difficulty level of the question paper and no of correct question attempted by other candidates.

 Previous year Cutoff marks for SSC Data Entry operator and Lower division clerk with no of vacancy.
Cut off
Marks LDC
Cut off
Marks DEO



Official website of SSC :

SSC will publish Cutoff marks for CHSL 2012 examination at a time of result declaration. When Cutoff marks for 2015 exam will be available that will also available here keep on visiting here for SSC Higher secondary level exam answer key and question paper solution.
Subscribe your emails for CHSL / Data Entry operator LDC result date. we inform you when results will be out.

14 September 2013

370 Posts recruitment of Assistant Professors Vyakhyata Sahayak in Gujarat

Commissioner of Higher education Gujarat now published the recruitment notification for assistant Professor or Vyakhyata Sahayak posts. Application is invited online from the eligible candidates. Notification has been published for the recruitment of 370 posts of Assistant professor in faculty of Arts, science, Commerce, law and education in government colleges of Gujarat. These recruitment will be made for 11 month contract basis with fixed salary of rs 16500 per month for academic year  2013-14

Application form Submission will be starts from the 8 September 2013 and last date of application form Submission 18 September
Download notification

11 August 2013

Download UP TGT PGT Admit Card 2013

Up secondary education Service Selection board upsessb now hosted the admit card for Upcoming TGT and PGT Examination 2013. Trend Graduate Teacher Admit card hosted online and its now available for download to registered candidates. Candidates can download TGT /PGT admit card via Entering there name and Registration no for TGT Hall Ticket. After that you can print your Call Letter for upcoming examination. Admit card available at official website

Direct Link for downloading admit card is

as we this examination is going to held for the recruitment notification advertisement which was published on 25 august 2/2011 for pGT posts and 3/2011 for PGT posts .
TGT exam date is 25 august 2013 and 1 September 2013 for various subject and PGT exam dates is 8 September 2013 for various subjects.

In case you forget your registration no or other details then you can retrieve your registration no from following link

Exam Date for TGT
25/08/2013 First Shift Hindi
25/08/2013 First Shift English
25/08/2013 First Shift Science
25/08/2013 Second  Shift Biology
25/08/2013 Second  Shift Home science
25/08/2013 Second  Shift Commerce
25/08/2013 Second  Shift  Physical Education
01/09/2013 First Shift Urdu
01/09/2013 First Shift Social science
01/09/2013 First Shift Music
01/09/2013 First Shift Agriculture
01/09/2013 Second  Shift  Sanskrit
01/09/2013 Second  Shift Mathematics
01/09/2013 Second  Shift J Art

Exam Date of PGT posts
E08-09-2013 First Shift Physics
08-09-2013 First Shift English
08-09-2013 First Shift Sanskrit
08-09-2013 First Shift Commerce
08-09-2013 First Shift Mathematics
08-09-2013 First Shift History
08-09-2013 First Shift Botany
08-09-2013 First Shift Agriculture
08-09-2013 First Shift Geography’
08-09-2013 First Shift Art
08-09-2013 Second Shift  Chemistry
08-09-2013 Second Hindi
08-09-2013 Second Biology
08-09-2013 Second Civics
08-09-2013 Second Economics 
08-09-2013 Second Education 
08-09-2013 Second Sociology
08-09-2013 Second Urdu 
08-09-2013 Second Psychology
08-09-2013 Second PhysicalEducation
08-09-2013 second Music

Bihar Teacher Niyojan latest News Update 2013

A latest news update we brought for those candidates who are waiting for Bihar Teacher Niyojan 2013. few credible sourced told us that now Male Teacher will be appointed on the vacant seats of female posts in schools of Bihar. Due to laziness of Bihar niyojan ikai (Units) 1.68 Lakh primary Teacher yet not appointed in government schools. Another issue are coming that there are not sufficient female candidates are available for the posts of Female teachers which are reserved only for Women candidates. Approximately 84 thousands posts are reserved for female candidates.  However only 37 thousands female candidates are yet available for recruitment. That’s why Bihar education department decided to appoint male candidates for the post of 47 thousands vacant seats of male teachers.
Department also prepared proposal regarding filling female posts via male teachers. Education minister also agree on this proposal . 
In state of Bihar 50% seats are reserved for female category in Shikshak Niyojan. But due lack of eligible female candidates approximately 65% seats not filled in niyojan process. According to chief secretary this 65% vacant seats will be filled via Male category candidates .
Supreme court also ordered that if reserved category candidates are not available then fill posts from general category candidates.
So department now taking the opinion of law department. After that very soon a official GO / notification will be published for Teacher Niyojan in Bihar.
Its expectation that Niyojan process will be completed before the 30 September 2013 for primary teacher and secondary teacher .
As we get official news or GO of Bihar Teacher niyojan we will inform you  here.